1.D)He was fightinga throat infection.
2.C)He slipped on ice and fell
3.B)Callthe repair shop tofix it.
4.C)Offer David some refreshments.
5.D)She is a historian of military history.
6.D)Itisawar novelset in the future
7.B)She conducted surveys of many soldiers
8.A）She doesn't have much freedom for imagination
Directions:?For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write anessay related to the short passage given below. In your essay, you are tocomment on the phenomenon described in the passage and suggest measures Toaddress the issue. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200words.
Nowadays star chasing is prevalent among many teenagers. Theytake pop stars as their idols, imitating their way of talking, following theirstyle of dressing, and seeking every chance to meet them in person at greatexpenses.
1,A） lt has given rise to much controversy.
2.B)She tries to force people to accept herradical ideas.
3.D）They are modest
4.A）It would help to protect the environment.
5.D)What makes people successful.
6.A） Having someone who has confidence in them.
7.C)They stay positive.
8.D)Highly cooperative teammates.
11.B）Itappears in the shape ofacocoa seed.
12.C)It improves their mood considerably
14.B)Human brains tend to dwell on negative events
9.C) They have big eyes and distinctive visualcenters.
11.B）Toadapt themselves toaparticular lifestyle.
12.C） They become more emotionally aggressive.
13.D）They lack the cognitive and memory skills
14.B)Help their children understand the program's plot.
15.A）Explain its message to their children.
16.C）It is mainly based on agriculture.
19.B) They will end up ?lonely，dependent ?and
20.D）Failure to spend sufficient quality time with them.
21.B）It will help them to handle disappointment.
22.C)Saying the wrong thing at the wrong time.
23.A）Complaining about their previous job
24.C）Those who take initiative in their work
25.A）Ability to shoulder new responsibilities.
16.C)They believe a little dirt harms no one
17.D）A large number of bacteria collected on a single
18.A）The chemicals on shoes can deteriorate air quality.
19.D）Itis a violation of faith and trust
21.A）Try to understand what messages they convey.
22.A）Cultivation of new varieties of crops
23.D)The improvement of agricultural infrastructure
24.C）For turning their focus to the needs of farmers in
25.B）Substantial funding in agricultural research.
Living in anage when modern people have never attached more importance to entertainment,many teenagers are so keen on star chasing that they may imitate their idols'way of thinking and style of dressing. What's more, they may also spare noefforts to meet their idols in person, even at great expenses.
It's not abig deal if young generations choose pop stars as their idols. The question isthat some youngsters have already lost their mind when facing those idols. Toavoid this, we need
to takeseveral effective measures urgently. On the one hand, guidance from adultsshould never be absent during the whole process of growth of young people, whoshould be educated to develop their own values and not be a shadow of any otherpeople. On the other hand, pop stars or influentials should consciously act aspositive role models and lead their followers to express affection in a morerational way.
Besidesidolatry, I believe there must be much more meaningful spiritual power that canmake youngsters rejuvenated and refreshed, such as the insight of great men inhistory or the wisdom of a certain imaginary character in a great fiction.
Directions:?For this part.you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay related to the short passage given below. In your essay, you are to comment on the phenomenon described in the passage and suggest measures to address the issue. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words. Young people spend a lot of time on the internet. Howev er,they are sometimes unable to recognize false information S- on the internet,judge the reliability of online information sources,or tell real news stories from fake ones.
Living in an age of internet, young generations tend to acquire assorted information about the world totally via virtual environment. Convenient as it may seem, the reliability of online information sources can not be guaranteed. Under this circumstance, they might be deliberately misled, to a large extent, by some fake news stories.
To avoid youngsters' being misguided by those irresponsible mass media, we need to take several effective measures urgently. To begin with, authorities concerned should enhance their supervision of the information published on the internet. Moreover, parents should encourage their children to develop independent thinking and often discuss with them the issues on the internet to make sure they are growing in a healthy mind state. Last but not least, young people themselves should read more insightful books and learn to think more of the values and attitudes behind online, stories. It's important that the young possess the capability of telling real news stories from fake ones. Only when they're equipped with the quality of recognizing false stories in an era of infor- mation explosion can they be closer to the genuineness of our modern world.
Yan’an,located in north Shanxi Province and in the middle reaches of the Yellow River,is a holy land of Chinese revolution where the old generation ofrevolutionaries including Mao Zhedong used to live and fight for 13 years,leading the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the LiberationWar, cultivating the Yan’an spirit and making tremendous contribution to theChinese revolution. With the best revolutionary sites in terms of number,extensiveness and level across the country, Yan’an is well recognized as anational education base for patriotism, revolutionary traditions and the Yan’anspirit. Yan' an boasts 9 revolution ary memorial halls which hold a huge numberof significant objects left by CPC Central Committee and the old generation ofrevolutionaries, enjoying a high reputation as ‘'the museum city of Chineserevolution.”
Jinggangshan,"located at the boundary between Hunan Province and Jiangxi Province, is wellrecognized as “the red cradle of Chinese revolution” .In October, 1927, the oldgeneration of revolutionaries including Mao Zedong and Zhu De led the ChineseWorkers’ and Peasants' Army here, where they fought bitterly to found the firstrural revolution base, ignite the sparks of Chinese revolution, and blaze a revolutionarytrail with Chinese characteristics to “besiege the cities from the countrysideand seize the state power with military force." It is right from here thatthe Chinese revolution has marched to success. With over 100 revolu- tionarysites, Jinggangshan has become a wallless museum of the Chinese revolutionaryhistory and an important base for patriotism and education of revolutionarytraditions.
The site ofthe 1st National Congress of the Communist Party of China, located at #76,Xingye Road, Shanghai, is a residence of typical Shanghai style which was builtin the autumn of 1920. On July 23, 1921, the 1st National Congress of the CPCwas held here, where the first creed and the first convention were passed, thecentral leading body was elected, and the birth of the CPC was announced. InSeptember, 1952, the site was renovated and turned into a memorial hall open tothe public, where both the representatives attending the 1st National Congressof the CPC and the history of the CPC are introduced. It has become apatriotism education base where people know the history of the CPC and commemoratethe revolutionary martyrs.
If youthink life is wonderful and expect it to stay…
Accordingto psychologist Sharon Draper, our clothing choices…
32. G) frame
Do music lessons really make children smarter?
36.[A] A recent Analysis found that most research mischar-acterizes the relationship between music and skills enhance-ment…
37.[N] Did he have a hidden talent that others didn' t have? Or more endurance than his peers?Music researchers tend, like Schellenberg, to be musicians themselves, and as he noted in his recent pape
38.[C] Schellenberg had long been skeptical of the science supporting claims that music education enhances children's abstract reasoning, math, or language skills.……
39.[G] After computing their assessments， Schellenberg concluded that the majority of the articles erroneously claimed that music training had a causal effect. …..
40.[O] But those convictions should be checked at the entrance to the lab,he added.Otherwise,the work becomes religion or faith.”You have to let go of your faith if you want to be a scientist.
41.[H] To argue for a cause-and-effect relationship, scientists must attempt to explain why and in how a connection could occur. When it comes to transfer effects of music……
42.[D] The 2004 paper was specifically designed to address those concerns. And as a passionate musician, Schellenberg was delighted when he tuned up?credible evidence that music has transfer effects on general intelligence ….
43.[J] Neuropsychologist Lutz Jancke agrees. "Most of these studies don' t allow for causal inferences, "he said. For over two decades, Jancke has researched the effects of music lessons, ……
44.[F] For his recent study, Schellenberg asked two research assistants to look for correlational studies on the effects of music education. They found a total of 11 4 papers pub lished since 2000.
45.[I] But Schellenberg remains highly oritical of how the concept of plasticity has been applied in his field, "Plasticity has become an industry of its own "he-wrote in his May paper…..
36. (D) In Atomic Habits, I wrote，“Humans are herd animals. We want to fit in, to bond with others, and to earn the respect and approval of our peers……
37. (G) False beliefs can be useful in a social sense even if they are not useful in a fnctual sense. For lack of a better phrase, we might call this approach "factually false, but socially accurate.“……
38. (M) The most heated arguments often occur between people on opposite ends of the spectrum, but the most frequent learning occurs from people who are nearby……
39. (F) We don't always believe things because they are correct. Sometimes we believe things because they make us look good to the people we care about…..
40. (N) Any idea that is suffciently different from your current worldview will feel threatening. And the best place to ponder a threatening idea is in a non-threatening environment……
41. (E) Understanding the truth of a situation is important, but so is remaining part of a tribe. While these two desires often work well together, they occasionally come into conflict…..
42. (I) The way to change people's minds is to become friends with them, to integrate them into your tribe, to bring them into your circle. …
43. (C) What's going on here? why don't facts change our minds? And why would someone continue to believe a false or inaccurate idea anyway？……
44. (O) There is another reason bad ideas continue to live on, which is that people continue to talk about them. Silence is death for any idea……..
45. (H) Convincing someone to change their mind is really the process of convincing them to change their tribe…..
No one in fashion is surprised that Barberry burnt ￡ 28 million of stock
36.[G] Over-production is perhaps the biggest concern for Burberry. While there has been much outrage at the elitist connotation of burning goods rather than making them af fordable,……
37.[B] The practice of destroying unsold stock, and even rolls of unused fabric, is commonplace for luxury labels. Be-coming too widely available at a cheaper price through discount stores discourages full-price sales……
38.[K] While these are honorable schemes, it makes it harder for Burberry to defend these latest figures. Fifteen years ago, Burberry was at crisis point as their signature check pattern was. widely . imitated by cheap, imitation brands……
39.[E] In an online forum post, which asked if it's true that Louis Vuitton burned its. bags, Ahmed Bouchfaa, who claimed to work for Louis Vuitton, responded that the brand holds sales of old stock for staff members twice a year……
40.[L] Bina believes that brands need to readdress their exclusivity tactic.“Exclusivity elf is being to be challenged," she says."I think that goes hand in hand with how luxury its challenged……
41.[D] A source, who chose to remain anonymous, shared her experience working in a Burberry store in New York in October 2016.“My job was to toss items in boxes so they could be sent to be burned. ….
42.[F] Richemont, who owns several luxury brands, hit the headlines in May for taking back ￡ 437 million of watches for destruction in the last two years to avoid marked-down price It's not just luxury brands either…..?
43.[J] One such partnership is with Elvis & Kresse, an acces- sories brand working with Reclaimed materials.Co-founder Kresse Wesling said, “Late last year we launched an Ambi tious five-year partnership with the 。Burberry Foundation……
44.[A] Last week, Burberry's annual report revealed that ￡ 28.6 million worth of stock was burnt last year. The news has let investors and consumers outraged but comes as little surprise to those in the fashion industry.
45.[H] In September 2016, Burberry switched to a "see now, buy now" catwalk show format. The move was a switch to leverage on the coverage of their fashion week show to make stock available immediately to consumers…..
The trendtoward rationality and enlightenment was endangered long before the advent ofthe World Wide Web.
46.A) Itinitiated a change from dominance of reason to supremacy of pleasure.
47.D) It isconducive to critical thinking.
48.D) It hasrendered their interactions more superficial.
49.C) It wasviewed as a means to quest for knowledge.
50.B) Theyare constantly seeking approval from their audience.
According toa recent study, a small but growing proportion of the workforce is affected tosome degree by a sense of entitlement.
51.B) Theyfeel they deserve more than they get.
52.B) Theywere spoiled when growing up.
53.D) Seekways to sustain their motivation.
54.C) Theyconvey their requirements in a straightforward way.
55.A) Thosewho can be counted on to fulfill commitments.
The subjectof automation and its role in our economy has taken hold in American publicdiscourse.
46. D) Theirfading employment opportunities.
47. B) Theconcerns about the effect of trade are exaggerated.
48. B) Theyfeel increasingly vulnerable.
49. C) Itsalleged positive effects are doubtful.
50.C) People's economic security.
Look at thepeople around you. Some are passive, others more aggressive.
51 A) Theytend to overly rely on nationality.
52.A) Theyare useful in comparing cultural values across time and space.
53.B) Anindividual's financial status was often underestimated.
54.C) Theymay not be taught how to properly interact with overseas partners.
55.D) Nationalityis less useful than socio-economic status as an indicator of one's value.
Social mediais absolutely everywhere Billions of people use social media on a daily basisto create, share, and exchange ideas, messages, and information.
46.D) Whethersocial media should be used to screen job candidates.
47.A) Moralor legal issues might arise.
48.A) Whenit is separated from context.
49.B) Byusing it in a legitimate way.
50.C) Seeking advice from management and legal experts.
In recentyears, the food industry has increased its use of labels.
51. D) Consumers’increasing desire for clear product information.
52.A) Stressing the absence of certain elements in their products.
53.D) Theycause anxiety about food among consumers.
54.C) Erodeconsumer trust and reduce sales.
55.B) Exercise caution about the use of absence claims.
题目：Proposal to Organize a Speech Contest
Dear Sir or Madam,
I'm 名字, a second-year student from Business Department. I'm writing to make a proposal about holding a college-wide English public speaking contest with the topic of "University as I see it".
The aims of the contest are twofold. First, students all over the University are offered an opportunity to demonstrate their ability to communicate effectively in English. Second, the contest could serve as a forum for students from different background to share their insights and experiences. It is important to note that only a current undergraduate student is eligible for the contest. Each of the contestants would be asked to deliver a prepared speech of 5 minutes and an impromptu speech based on the topic assigned after the prepared speech. The contest would be an off-line event at the International Conference Hall on 日期. A panel from the ESL faculty shall select five finalists from all participants. The finalists would present their speeches after which three winners (and two honorable mentions) would be chosen.?
I'm looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much for everything you've done. Wish you all the best.
题目：Proposal for an Orientation Program
Dear Sir or Madam,
I’m 名字. I’m writing to make a proposal to conduct an orientation program for freshmen. The major purpose of the orientation program is to enable freshmen to adapt to the campus environment and academic life as soon as possible. The duration of the project is expected to be one week. Participants include all freshmen, teachers and academic staff.
The orientation is divided into three parts: a school lecture, a student activity and a campus tour. In the school lecture, we will introduce the school background, professional training objectives and how to select courses, so as to help students quickly embark on their learning journey. At the student activity, there will be some interesting games to help freshmen get to know each other quickly and make contacts. The last part is a campus tour, where students will visit the school's teaching building, library, restaurant, and so on, so as to help them to quickly adjust to campus life.
I hope the freshmen can quickly adapt to the new environment and academic studies through this orientation. I’m looking forward to your reply. Wish you all the best.
题目：Report on Used Books Collecting on Campus
I have just participated in a school project of collecting used books on campus which I find really rewarding. Here are some details of the project.
The aim of the project is to donate books to a primary school in a small village outside the town. Meanwhile, it's also aimed to protect the environment by recycling old books. Both the students and the teachers on campus participated in the project. What's more, some of the graduates also came back and gave away their books. All the books collected were to enlarge the collection of the primary school's library. There were two activities in this project, book donation and charity bazaar of old books. Both achieved great success in collecting used books.
We are very happy to report that, by now, about 1,500 books have been collected and the number is still growing. I hope more and more activities of this kind will be held on campus in the following days.
C) It sent two dogs to the wrong destinations.
A) Correct their mistake as soon as possible.
B) She has had babies before.
C) It was smooth.
D) It was built above the sea-water.
B) Replace the restaurant5 s wooden deck.
C) She posted its picture on Facebooks.
D) Duck hunting remains legal in many parts of the world.
B) Their neat is not that popular.
D) They poisoned wild ducks in large numbers.
A) Have her house repainted.
B) How much the work will cost.
.C) Stay somewhere else.
.B ) Painting a house involves more trouble than she thought.
A) To cultivate good habits.
B) Create an ideal study environment for them.
C) Start with something they enjoy.
A) Workers who meet its body weight standards.
C) Encourage healthy behaviors.
A) It has not done enough to help left-handed children.
D) They tend to have more difficulties in learning.
D) Keep track of left-handed children' s school performance.
B) Why their numbers are so high.
1.B)She was coughing all the time.
2.C)Through a surgical operation.
3. D) lt ran away into a nearby forest.
4.A)They rebuilt the fencing around their farm.
5. D)The loss of gold from an airplane.
6.A) lt made an emergency landing.
7.C)They will be questioned by the police.
8.B)For future training purposes.
9.C)To get her money back for the returned chair.
10.D)She was issued a new card.
11.C) Update her bank card details on the company's website.
12.A)He is feeling exhausted.
13.B)Order a delivery.
14.D) lt is too spicy.
15.C)She is too picky about food
16.A)Owner's personalities affect their cats'behavior and wellbeing.
17.B)Provide their pets with the best care.
19.B)Running is the best exercise for extending one's life.
20.A) lmproving their brain function.
21.D)They were less affected by sad movies.
22.A)He is a tour guide.
23.C)He observed his client’s life and habits.
24.D)A house of a unique design.
25.B)They are copies built to the architect's designs.
Dujiangyan, located on the Minjiang River in the west of Chengdu Plain, about 50km away from Chengdu City, was built in the third century BC. Its uniqueness is that it does not need dikes to regulate water flow. For more than 2000 years, it has been playing an effective role in flood control and irrigation, making Chengdu Plain a fertile land free from drought and flood and one of the most important grain producing areas in China. As the oldest water conservancy project in the world which is still in use and has no dike to control water, the Dujiangyan engineering reflects the wisdom of harmonious coexistence between Chinese people and nature.
大运河( Grand CAnal) 是世界上最长的人工河,北起北京,南至杭州。它是中国历史上最宏伟的工程之一。大运河始建于公元前4世纪,公元13世纪末建成。修建之初是为了运输粮食,后来也用于运输其他商品。大运河沿线区域逐渐发展成为中国的工商业中心。长久以来,大运河对中国的经济发展发挥了重要作用,有力地促进了南北地区之间的人员往来和文化交流。
The Grand CAnal, extending from Beijing in the North to Hangzhou in the South, is the longest man-made river. Its construction was one of the most magnificent projects throughout the Chinese history. The construction of the cAnal started in the 4th century BC and was completed in the 13th century, with an original aim of facilitating grain transportation. Later, it was also for transporting other commodities. Over time, the areas along the course of the cAnal have developed into the industrial and commercial centres of China. For a long time, the cAnal has served a pivotal role in the booming of Chinese economy, enhancing the personnel exchange and cultural communication between northern and southern parts of the country.
坎儿井( Karez)是新疆干旱地区的一种水利系统,由地下渠道将水井连接而成。该系统将春夏季节渗入( seep into)地下的大量雨水及积雪融水收集起来,通过山体的自然坡度引到地面,用于灌溉农田和满足人们的日常用水需求。坎儿井减少了水在地面的蒸发( evaporation),对地表破坏很小,因而有效地保护了自然资源与生态环境。坎儿井体现了我国人民与自然和谐共存的智慧,是对人类文明的一大贡献。
Karez is a water conservancy system in the arid area of Xinjiang. It is formed by underground channels connecting wells. The system collects a large amount of rainwater and snow melt water that seep into the ground in spring and summer, and draws it to the ground through the natural slope of the mountain to irrigate farmland and meet people's daily water needs. Karez reduces the evaporation of water on the ground and does little damage to the surface, thus effectively protecting the natural resources and the ecological environment. Kanerjing embodies the wisdom of the harmonious coexistence of our people and nature, and is a great contribution to human civilization.
It is commonly believed that the great English dramatist and poet.
Many people believe that commitment are the foundations of ..
The sheets are damp with sweat.You're cold,but your heart is….
Why it matters that teens are reading less?
36.[E] That may be true, but that still does not tell us much about what happens across a whole generation of people when time spent on digital media grows.Large surveys con-ducted over the course of many years tell us that American youth are not going to the cinema nearly as often as they did in the past.
37.[B]Analysis of surveys of over one million teens in the United States collected since 1976 reveals a major shift in how teens are spending their leisure time. Paper books are being ignored, in favor of screens.…….
38.[G] Indeed, the number of senior high school students who said they had not read any books for pleasure in the last year was one out of three by 2016. That is triple the number from two decades ago.……
39.[D]If teens are spending so much time using electronic devices, does that mean they have to give activities? Maybe not. Over the years, many scholars have insisted that time online does not necessarily take away time spent engaging with traditional media or on other activities.…
40[.A] Most of us spend much more time with digital media than we did a decade ago.But today's teens have grown up with smartphones. Compared with teens a couple of de-cades ago, the way they interact with traditional media like books and movies is fundamentally different.…
41.[H]] This might present problems for young people later on. When high school students go on to college, their past and current reading habits will influence their academic per-formance.….
42.[c] Teens did not always spend that much time with digi-tal media. Online time has doubled since 2006, and social media use has moved from a periodic activity to a daily one in the same period.By 2016, nearly nine out of ten young women in the 12th grade said they visited social media sites every day.……
43.[F]But the treads related to movies are less disturbing compared with the change in how teens spend their time. Research has revealed an enormous decline in reading.In 1980, about 60 percent of senior high school students said they read a book, newspaper or magazine every day that was not assigned for school.By 2016, only 16 percent did.
44.[B] Analysis of surveys of over one million teens in the United States collected since 1976 reveals a major shift in how teens are spending their leisure time. Paper books are being ignored, in favor of screens.……
45.[E] That may be true, but that still does not tell us much about what happens across a whole generation of people when time spent on digital media grows. Large surveys conducted over the course of many years tell us that American youth are not going to the cinema nearly as often as they did in the past.….
How to no be boring
36.(F) The most interesting people aren't those who've gone on some Eal,Pray,Love jourmey to find themsclves.Instead,Pirson says,they're those who examine the ordinary.
37.(J)Of course, it's possible to be a fountain of knowledge and a boring person,says public relations consultant Andrea Pass.Paying attention to the listener is an important part of……
38.[B] To tell the truth,interesting people are more popular among their friends.If you don't arouse somcone's curiosity or brighten somcone's day,you probably come.…..
39.(I) Television veteran Audrey Morrissey, executive producer of NBC's The Voice,is always looking for what will make a person or story interesting to viewers…..
40.(M)I have now come to realize that being boring,in actuali-ty, is not only about who you are as a person,but also how you present yourself……
41.(C)Recently, I was at a gathering of colleagues when some-one turned to me and asked,"So,what's new with you?" Ordi narily, I think I'm a good conversationalist……..
42.(G) This is essentinlly how Jessica Hagy starts her day a lot of time thinking about what's interesting to her…..
43.(A)Humans are creatures habit. We love to establish a rou-tine and stick with it.Then we often put ourselves on auto-pi-lot.Routincs can be incredibly useful in helping you get things done….
44.(K)"If the listener is not paying attention, it's your sign to shorten the story or change direction.
45.(E)"If someone is making up some conversation that might be interesting, it's probably not going to land well," says Pirson, whose expertise includes trust and….
? ? ?36.[H]Like Ms，Li， many women try to manage the added stress to reach what Dr Joyce said was an unattainable ideal“Some professional women aim to do it all They want to reach the top of the corporate ladder and flylikesuper-mom，"she said.
37.[E]ference，however，is in the nature and scope of these responsibilities in the home ent in particular，“DrJoycesaid.For example ， the United Nations reported that nearly three times as much unpaid domestic work as men.
38.[C]It's a common story- one we frequently ridicule and readily dismiss ，for example，by claiming that women tend to complain more than men， despite the growing sumofre-search that underlines the problem .
39.[K] Disconnecting from work and home responsibilities is also obviously important .Butit'smuchcasier said than done .Itis important to understand what causes your stress in the first place .
40.[F]it's not just inside he home ，though. Research from Nova Southeastern University found that female managers were more likely than male managers to .display or forcing emotions that are not wholly felt.
41.[I]The stress problem extends beyond mental health when you consider the link between stress a anxiety and heart health .Worse， most of what we know about heart dis-ease comes from studies involving men…..
42.[B]Ms.Li said her stress led to sleeplessness . When she did sleep she experienced"problem-solvingdreams，“which left her feeling unrested when she woke up.After I became a first -time mother，I quickly realized i was so busy caring for other people and work that I felt like I'd lost myself，
43.[G] Surface acting is a prime example of "emotionallabor "a concept that the writer Jess Zimmerman made fa-miliar in a 2015 essay. The essays parked a massive thread ，on the Internet community blog Meta Filter .
44.[J]The good news is， women are more likely than men to take charge of their stress and manage it，the American Psy-chological Association reports .The concept ofself-care， atitscore，is quite simple.”
45.[D]e difference is not really news to me，as a clinical psy-chologist said ErinJoyce
As many office workers adapt to remote work, cities may undergo fundamental change if offices remain under-uti-lized.
46.C)It benefits employers at the expense of employees.
47.D) It negatively impacts productivity.
48.A) To provide convincing data for serious discussion
49.C) Employers'gain from remote working should go to employees as compensation.
50.A) It should be avoided if possible.
The human thirst for knowledge is the driving force behind our successful development as a species.
51.B)It is the force that pushes human society forward.
52.A) It motivates people to seek information.
53.D) They work in conjunction with the environment.
54.B)They prefer to go after all that is novel.
55.A)The cost of humans' curiosity to explore.
With obesity now affecting 29% of the population in England, and expected to rise to 35% by 2030, should we now recognise it as disease?
46. C) It should be regarded as a genetic disease.
47.D) It results from a lack of self-control.
48. A)Obese people would not feel responsible to take any action.
49.B)It is too inclusive and thus lacks clarity.
50.D)It may do little good to patients.
Nationwide, only about three percent of early childhood teach-
51.C)It is negatively impacted by a lack of male teachers.
52.A) The importance of broadening children's horizons.
53.D)Many of them feel prejudiced against socially and cultur-ally.
55.B) Taking measures to attract prospective male teachers to work in the field.
Have you ever wondered how acceptable it is to hug or touchsomeone ?
46.C)Its absence might suggest a lack of warmth in interpersonal relationships .
47.D)How close the communicator‘s relationships are .
48.B) They take touching as a cultural norm in social interactions.
49.A)Men can show friendship in public through physical affection.
50.D)Take other people's preference into consideration .
From climate change to the ongoing pandemic (大流行病) and beyond ，the issues facing today's world are increasingly complex and dynamic .
51.A)It faces problems that are getting more varied and compli-cated.
52.C) People are divided about the nature of interest .
53.D)How a growth mindset of interest can contribute to crossdisciplinarythinking.
54.C) Making innovative products needs multidisciplinary products.
55.B) Broadening their interests .